The Colorado Plateau was uplifted in several pulses beginning around 70-80 million years ago (Laramide orogeny) which built many of the mountains across the west (including the Rocky Mountains) and again more recently beginning ~10 million years ago. Despite these tectonic pulses deforming much of the west as they did creating the Rocky Mountains, the Colorado Plateau remained as an intact block despite being lifted upward more than 10,000’ above sea level in some areas. One exception to the generally undeformed geology of the region is the Waterpocket fold which formed 35-75 million years ago. The primary feature of Capitol Reef National Park just 40 miles southeast of Pando, this “buckle” as it is known colloquially, runs north-south for almost 100 miles. The more recent uplifting of the plateau led to erosion of the top part of the fold by great rivers, rain and wind, exposing its inclined time layers at the surface (Figures 2 and Figure 3). The oldest rocks observed in the center of the fold are around 248 Million years old (Permian Period).